Manmade Electromagnetic Fields and Oxidative Stress—Biological Effects and Consequences for Health

" In summary, indications for increased oxidative stress caused by RF-EMF and ELF-MF were reported in the majority of the animal studies and in more than half of the cell studies. Investigations in Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats provided consistent evidence for oxidative stress occurring after RF-EMF exposure in the brain and testes and some indication of oxidative stress in the heart. Observations in Sprague-Dawley rats also seem to provide consistent evidence for oxidative stress in the liver and kidneys. In mice, oxidative stress induced by RF-EMF was predominantly demonstrated in the brain and testes, as well as in liver, kidneys, and ovaries. These observations were made with a variety of cell types, exposure times, and dosages (SAR or field strengths), within the range of the regulatory limits and recommendations." {Credits 1}

" Similar to the observations for ELF-MF, the ROS increase seems to be more prominent after short rather than after continuous (=12 h) RF-EMF exposure [94,103,105]. For prolonged exposure, there are once more indications for a boost of the antioxidative defense system, an impact on mitochondrial function and autophagy activity [101,106], and even an accumulation of DNA damage and cell death [92,105,107]." {Credits 1}

" In part, the changes in redox balance were accompanied by morphological changes that resemble those in neurodegenerative diseases [34,35,42,43,46,47,48,53]. In general, studies, in which ROS, antioxidative markers, learning behavior, and memory performance were examined, suggest an impairment of neuronal functions of the animals. Thus, there is evidence that, at least in animal models, increased ROS production by EMF is associated with an impairment of cognitive abilities [51,52,56,57,58,59,60]." {Credits 1}

{Credits 1} 🎪 Schuermann, D.; Mevissen, M. Manmade Electromagnetic Fields and Oxidative Stress—Biological Effects and Consequences for Health. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 3772. © 2021 The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Last modified on 24-Apr-21

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