Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation of Bone Healing and Joint Preservation Cellular Mechanisms of Skeletal Response

" Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) provide a non-invasive, safe, and easy method to treat pain with respect to musculoskeletal diseases. The purpose of this systematic review was to describe the use of electromagnetic therapy in the rehabilitation field by investigating the efficacy in acute and chronic pain in the musculoskeletal disorders. ... The results showed as pulsed magnetic fields at low intensity and frequency (from 1 Hz up to 100 Hz) are commonly used with efficacy in resolving musculoskeletal pain. EMFs therapy is a well tolerated, effective with no negative side effects, which can be integrated with rehabilitation for the treatment of chronic and acute pain in musculoskeletal diseases, but further studies are needed to examine the use of more standardized protocols." {Credits 1}

" Thus, surely, the efficacy of magneto-therapy is related to the type of electromagnetic fields used and in the rehabilitation field there are today very different treatment protocols: certainly, in the last decade, the use of ELF magnetic fields has been on its increase. Innovative and still experimental approaches concern, for example, the use of cyclotronic resonance (CR), a kind of specific ultra-weak pulsed electromagnetic fields, in low back pain:[20] the theory of the CR considered that the endogenous electromagnetic forces generated by the activity of the cells of the human body are of infinitely low intensity. Then, the effect of ELF fields, however, does not depend directly on their very low frequency and intensity, but more on the fact that if they are structured with a correct form, intensity, frequency and sequence, they synchronize with the frequencies of the biological system that disturb, triggering an effect. CR involves electrically charged ions and molecules that oscillate at specific harmonic frequencies, within a continuous feedback system with the cells themselves. This mechanism of interaction between ELF magnetic fields, the earth’s magnetic field, and living organisms has been called Cyclotron Resonance (CR) by Liboff [20]." {Credits 1}

{Credits 1} 🎪 Paolucci T, Pezzi L, Centra AM, Giannandrea N, Bellomo RG, Saggini R. Electromagnetic Field Therapy: A Rehabilitative Perspective in the Management of Musculoskeletal Pain – A Systematic Review. J Pain Res. 2020;13:1385-1400. © 2020 The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial License..

Last modified on 22-Apr-21

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